Death in Islam

The Death of a Child
Narrated Usama, Once while I was with the Prophet (salalahu walayhe wa salam) and Sa'd, Ubai bin Ka'b and Mu'adh were also sitting with him, there came to him a messenger from one of his daughters, telling him that her child was on the verge of death. The Prophet (salalahu walayhe wa salam) told the messenger to tell her, "It is for Allah what He takes, and it is for Allah what He gives, and everything has its fixed time (limit). So (she should) be patient and look for Allah's reward." Bukhari, Volume 8 no. 599.



Narrated Abu Hurayrah, Abu Hassan said to Abu Hurayrah: My two children had died. Would you narrate to me anything from Allah's Apostle (peace be upon him) a hadith which would soothe our hearts in our bereavements? He said: Yes. Small children are the fowls of Paradise. If one of them meets his father (or he said his parents) he would take hold of his cloth, or he said with his hand as I take hold of the hem of your cloth (with my hand). And he (the child) would not take off (his hand) from it until Allah causes his father to enter Paradise. This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Tamim with the same chain of transmitters. And he is reported to have said: Did you hear from Allah's Apostle (peace be upon him) anything which may soothe our heart in our bereavements? He said: Yes.
Sahih Muslim Number 1212



Narrated Abu Musa, the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: When a child of a servant of Allah dies, Allah inquires His angels: Have you taken into custody the soul of the child of My servant? They answer: Yes. Then He inquires: Have you taken into custody the soul of the flower of his heart? They answer: Yes. Then He inquires: Then what did My servant say? They answer: He praised Thee and affirmed: To Allah we belong and to Him we shall and return. Thereupon Allah says: Build for My servant a mansion in Paradise and name it `The House of Praise.' Transmitted by Tirmidhi.



Narrated Abu Musa al-Ash'ari, Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) said, When a man's child dies, Allah Most High asks His angels whether they have taken His servant's child and they reply that they have. He then asks whether they have taken the fruit of his heart, and when they reply that they have, He asks what His servant said. On their replying that he praised Allah and said, "We belong to Allah and to Him do we return," Allah says, "Build a house in Paradise for my servant and call it the house of praise."
Ahmad and Tirmidhi transmitted it.


Abu Huraira, narrated that the Prophet (salalahu walayhe wa salam) said, "Every child is born with a true faith (i.e. to worship none but Allah Alone) but his parents convert him to Judaism or to Christianity or to Magainism, as an animal delivers a perfect baby animal. Do you find it mutilated?" Then Abu Huraira recited the holy verses: "The pure Allah's Islamic nature (true faith i.e. to worship none but Allah Alone), with which He has created human beings." (30.30) Vol 2, 440 Bukhari



Narrated Abu Hurayrah, A woman came to Allah's Apostle (peace be upon him) with her child and said: Allah's Apostle (peace be upon him) invoke Allah's blessing upon him for I have already buried three. He said: You have buried three! She said: Yes. Thereupon he (the Prophet) said: You have, indeed, safeguarded yourself against the torment of Hell with a strong safeguard. Umar has made a mention of his father, whereas others have not made a mention of his father.
Sahih Muslim 1213



Narrated Anas bin Malik, The Prophet (salalahu walayhe wa salam) said, "None of you should wish for death because of a calamity befalling him; but if he has to wish for death, he should say: "O Allah! Keep me alive as long as life is better for me, and let me die if death is better for me.' " Vol 7, number 575 Bukhari



Narrated Hasana' daughter of Mu'awiyah
She reported on the authority of her paternal uncle: I asked the Prophet (peace be upon him): Who are in Paradise? He replied: Prophets are in Paradise, martyrs are in Paradise, infants are in Paradise and children buried alive are in Paradise.  Sunan of Abu Dawud hadith 1041



Narrated Hudhayfah ibn Usayd, Allah's Apostle (peace be upon him) said: When the drop of (semen) remains in the womb for forty or fifty (days) or forty nights, the angel comes and says: My Lord, will he be good or evil? And both these things would be written. Then the angel says: My Lord, would he be male or female? And both these things are written. And his deeds and actions, his death, his livelihood; these are also recorded. Then his document of destiny is rolled and there is no addition to and subtraction from it.  Sahih Muslim Number 1216



Narrated Aisha, A child died and I said: There is happiness for this child who is a bird from amongst the birds of Paradise. Thereupon Allah's Apostle (peace be upon him) said: Don't you know that Allah created the Paradise and He created the Hell and He created the dwellers for this (Paradise) and the denizens for this (Hell)?
Sahih Muslim 1225



Surah Baqarah Ayat 153 to 157
O ye who believe! seek help with patient perseverance and prayer: for Allah is with those who patiently persevere. (Yaa 'ayuhal latheena 'aamanuu, asta'eenu bi sabari was salaah; inna Allaha m'a as-saabireen.) And say not of those who are slain in the way of Allah: "They are dead." Nay they are living though ye perceive (it) not. ("Wa la taquluu lima yuqtaluu fi sabeelillahi amwaatun, bal, 'ahyaa'un wa lakin la tash'uroon.")Be sure We shall test you with something of fear and hunger some loss in goods or lives or the fruits (of your toil) but give glad tidings to those who patiently persevere. (Wa lanab-luwanakum bi shai'in minal khaufwal jue'i wan naqsin wa minal amwaali wan nafsi wa thamaraat) Who say when afflicted with calamity: "To Allah we belong and to Him is our return."  They are those on whom (descend) blessings from Allah and Mercy and they are the ones that receive guidance.



Narrated Abdullah, Umm Habibah, the wife of Allah's Apostle (peace be upon him) said: O Allah, enable me to derive benefit from my husband, the Messenger of Allah (May peace be upon him), and from my father, AbuSufyan, and from my brother, Mu'awiyah. Allah's Apostle (peace be upon him) said: You have asked from Allah about durations of life already set, the length of days already allotted, and the sustenances, the share of which has been fixed. Allah will not do anything before its due time, nor will He delay anything beyond its due time. And if you were to ask Allah to provide you with refuge from the torment of the Hell-Fire, or from the torment of the grave, it would have good in store for you and better things for you also. He (the narrator) added: Mention was made before him of monkeys, and Mis'ar (one of the narrators) said: I think that (the narrator) also (mentioned) swine which had suffered metamorphosis. Thereupon he (the Holy Prophet) said: Verily, Allah did not cause the race of those which suffered metamorphosis to grow, or they were not survived by young ones. Monkeys and swine have been in existence even before (the metamorphosis of the human beings). Sahih Muslim 1226



Narrated AbuHurayrah,Allah's Apostle (peace be upon him) said: None amongst you should make a request for death, and do not call for it before it comes, for when any one of you dies, he ceases (to do good) deeds and the life of a believer is not prolonged but for goodness.  Sahih Muslim 1234



Narrated Usama bin Zaid,The daughter of the Prophet (p.b.u.h) sent (a messenger) to the Prophet requesting him to come as her child was dying (or was gasping), but the Prophet returned the messenger and told him to convey his greeting to her and say: "Whatever Allah takes is for Him and whatever He gives, is for Him, and everything with Him has a limited fixed term (in this world) and so she should be patient and hope for Allah's reward." She again sent for him, swearing that he should come. The Prophet got up, and so did Sad bin 'Ubada, Muadh bin Jabal, Ubai bin Ka'b, Zaid bin Thabit and some other men. The child was brought to Allah's Apostle while his breath was disturbed in his chest (the sub-narrator thinks that Usama added: ) as if it was a leather water-skin. On that the eyes of the Prophet (p.b.u.h) started shedding tears. Sad said, "O Allah's Apostle! What is this?" He replied, "It is mercy which Allah has lodged in the hearts of His slaves, and Allah is merciful only to those of His slaves who are merciful (to others)."
Volume 2, No. 373 Sahih Bukhari



Narrated Anas bin Malik, One of the sons of Abu Talha became sick and died and Abu Talha at that time was not at home. When his wife saw that he was dead, she prepared him (washed and shrouded him) and placed him somewhere in the house. When Abu Talha came, he asked, "How is the boy?" She said, "The child is quiet and I hope he is in peace." Abu Talha thought that she had spoken the truth. Abu Talha passed the night and in the morning took a bath and when he intended to go out, she told him that his son had died, Abu Talha offered the (morning) prayer with the Prophet and informed the Prophet of what happened to them. Allah's Apostle said, "May Allah bless you concerning your night. (That is, may Allah bless you with good offspring)." Sufyan said, "One of the Ansar said, 'They (i.e. Abu Talha and his wife) had nine sons and all of them became reciters of the Quran (by heart).'
vol. 2, no. 388 Sahih Bukhari



Narrated Ibn Shihab, The funeral prayer should be offered for every child even if he were the son of a prostitute as he was born with a true faith of Islam (i.e. to worship none but Allah Alone). If his parents are Muslims, particularly the father, even if his mother were a non-Muslim, and if he after the delivery cries (even once) before his death (i.e. born alive) then the funeral prayer must be offered. And if the child does not cry after his delivery (i.e. born dead) then his funeral prayer should not be offered, and he will be considered as a miscarriage. Abu Huraira, narrated that the Prophet said, "Every child is born with a true faith (i.e. to worship none but Allah Alone) but his parents convert him to Judaism or to Christianity or to Magainism, as an animal delivers a perfect baby animal. Do you find it mutilated?" Then Abu Huraira recited the holy verses: "The pure Allah's Islamic nature (true faith i.e. to worship none but Allah Alone), with which He has created human beings." (30.30).
Volume 2, no. 440 Sahih Bukhari


Ruling concerning wishing for death due to harm that has come

Question: I have faced so many difficulties in my life that it has made me hate this life. Every time I turned to Allaah, I pleaded for Him to take my life away from me at the earliest. This is my wish until now as I do not see any solutions to my problems except death; it is the only thing that can save me from this punishment. Is this behavior forbidden for me?

Response: When a person wishes for death because of something that has afflicted him, he is doing something that the Prophet (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam) has prohibited. The Prophet (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam) said:
((None of you should hope for death because of some harm that has come to him. If he has wish such, he should say, 'O Allaah, give me life if You know that life is better for me. And give me death if You know that death is better for me)).
Therefore, it is not allowed for anyone to wish for death because of some harm, hardship or difficulty that has come to him. In fact, he should have patience and expect a reward from Allaah for what he is passing through. He should also wait for relief to come, as the Prophet (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam) has said:
((Know that victory comes with patience, relief with distress and ease with hardship)).
The one who is afflicted with any affliction should know that those afflictions expiate some of the sins that he has committed. No believer is afflicted with any kind of worry, grief or pain except that Allaah expiates sins for him due to that, even the pricking of a thorn. When the person has patience and expects rewards from Allaah, he reaches the stage of being among the patient. This stage is a very elevated stage. Allaah has stated about its inhabitants:
{And give glad tidings to the patient. Who, when afflicted with calamity, say, 'Truly, to Allaah we belong and, truly, to Him we shall return}, [Soorah al-Baqarah, Aayahs 155-156].

The woman in the question feels that there is no solution for her problems except death. I believe that this is a mistaken view. Death does not solve any problems. In fact, the situation of adversity may get even worse. How many humans die while being afflicted with pain and problems but they had been wronging themselves and did not give their sins and repent to Allaah. Then his death is just a quicker coming of his punishment. If he remained alive, perhaps Allaah would have guide him to repentance, seeking forgiveness, patience, facing the problem and expecting relief. This all would have been good for him. Therefore, you, the questioner, must be patient and expect relief from Allaah. Allaah says in His book:  {So, verily, with the hardship there is relief. Verily, with the hardship, there is relief}, [Soorah ash-Sharh, Aayahs 5-6].  And the Prophet (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam) stated, in an authentic narration:
((Know that victory comes with patience, relief with distress and ease with hardship)).
Shaykh Ibn 'Uthaymeen  Fataawa al-Mar.ah

Al Yusra Musings

  • Al Yusra

    "Your life is a result of the choices you make...If you don't like your life it is time to start making better choices."

  • Ibn Abbas

    Ibn Abbas was asked about those who fear. He said: "Their hearts are pleased with fear, their eyes weep, they say:  "How can we be content when death is behind us and the grave is in front of us, judgement is our promised (time). Hell is on our way, and we have to face our Lord. "