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Islamic Rulings

 

Islamic Rulings/Fatwas on Mental Illness

Here is a list of rulings on mental illness. Click on the topic, or page down to read all of the rulings.

Psychological conditions may allow a wife to prevent her husband.

Is it possible for a Muslim to be afflicted with psychological problems?


A woman suffered from mental illness and did not fast

Ruling Concerning Wishing for Death Due to Harm That Might Come


Psychological conditions may allow a wife to prevent her husband

Question: Is a woman sinful if she prevents her husband when he desires her for sexual intercourse due to her psychological state or due to an illness that is hurting her?

Response: It is obligatory upon the wife to respond to her husband if he calls her to his bed. However, if she is psychologically ill and is not able to actively respond to his call or if she has a physical illness, then in such cases it is not allowed for the husband to call upon her. This is because the Prophet (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam) said:

((There is to be no harm done or reciprocation of harm)).

He should either refrain or enjoy her company in such a way that does not harm her.

Shaykh Ibn 'Uthaymeen

Taken from www.fatwa-online.com


Is it possible for a Muslim to be afflicted with psychological problems?

Question:

Is it possible for a Muslim to be afflicted with psychological problems? (Because some people say that a Muslim cannot be affected by psychological problems).

Answer:

Praise be to Allaah.  

Undoubtedly man may be afflicted with psychological problems such as worries about the future and grief over the past. Psychological problems affect the body more than physical problems do. We should know that the worries and distress that affect a person are among the things that expiate his sins and reduce the burden of sin; if he is patient and seeks reward with Allaah, he will be rewarded for that. 

Treating these problems in the ways prescribed in Islam is more effective than treating them with physical medicine, as is well known. 

One of the treatments prescribed in Islam is to recite the du’aa’s narrated from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) to relieve worries and distress, for example, the saheeh hadeeth narrated from Ibn Mas’ood (may Allaah be pleased with him): “There is no-one who is afflicted by distress and grief, and says: ‘Allaahumma inni ‘abduka ibn ‘abdika ibn amatija naasyati bi yadika, maada fiyya hukmuka, ‘adlun fiyya qadaa’uka. As’aluka bi kulli ismin huwa laka sammayta bihi nafsaka aw anzaltahu fi kitaabika aw ‘allamtahu ahadan min khalqika aw ista’tharta bihi fi ‘ilm il-ghayb ‘indaka an taj’al al-Qur’aana al-‘Azeema rabee’ qalbi wa noor sadri wa jalaa’ huzni wa dhihaab hammi (O Allaah, I am Your slave, son of Your slave, son of Your maidservant; my forelock is in Your hand, Your command over me is forever executed and Your decree over me is just. I ask You by every name belonging to You which You have named Yourself with, or revealed in Your Book, or You taught to any of Your creation, or You have preserved in the knowledge of the Unseen with You, that You make the Holy Qur’aan the life of my heart and the light of my breast, and a departure for my sorrow and a release for my anxiety),’ but Allaah will take away his distress and grief.” This is one of the remedies prescribed in sharee’ah. One may also say: “Laa ilaaha illa anta, subhaanaka inni kuntu min al-zaalimeen (There is no god but You, glorified (and exalted) are You, truly I have been of the wrongdoers).” [cf. al-Anbiya’ 21:87] 

Another form of treatment is ruqya with which a person may treat himself – which is better. The Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to do ruqyah for himself by reciting al-Mi’wadhatayn (the last two soorahs of the Qur’aan) when he went to sleep, then he would wipe his face and whatever he could of his body. Or a person may go to someone whose religious commitment he trusts to do ruqyah for him. 

If he wants to know more, he can refer to what the scholars have written about du’aa’ such as al-Waabil al-Sayyib by Ibn al-Qayyim, al-Kalim al-Tayyib by Shaykh al-Islam, al-Adhkaar by al-Nawawi, and Zaad al-Ma’aad by Ibn al-Qayyim. 

From the fatwas of al-Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen, Kitaab Fataawa Islamiyyah, vol. 4, p. 465-467.



A woman suffered from mental illness and did not fast

Question:

There is a woman who suffered from a mental illness, high fever and nervous disorder, etc., which resulted in her not fasting for the past four years or so. Can the fasts be made up in such cases or not? What is the ruling in such a case?

Answer:

Praise be to Allaah.

If she did not fast because she was not able to, then she has to make up the fasts she has missed in these four years, when she becomes able to. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“and whoever is ill or on a journey, the same number [of days which one did not observe Sawm (fasts) must be made up] from other days. Allaah intends for you ease, and He does not want to make things difficult for you. (He wants that you) must complete the same number (of days), and that you must magnify Allaah [i.e. to say Takbeer (Allaahu Akbar: Allaah is the Most Great)] for having guided you so that you may be grateful to Him” [al-Baqarah 2:185]

If there is no hope – according to her doctors – that she may be cured of her sickness or that her inability to fast will ever be lifted from her, then she can feed one poor person for every day that she misses, giving half a saa’ of wheat, dates, rice or whatever her own family regularly eat in their home. This is like the case of the elderly and disabled who would be too exhausted by fasting or who find it too difficult to fast. In this case she does not have to make up the fasts she misses.

Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah 
 

Ruling concerning wishing for death due to harm that has come

Question: I have faced so many difficulties in my life that it has made me hate this life. Every time I turned to Allaah, I pleaded for Him to take my life away from me at the earliest. This is my wish until now as I do not see any solutions to my problems except death; it is the only thing that can save me from this punishment. Is this behavior forbidden for me?

Response: When a person wishes for death because of something that has afflicted him, he is doing something that the Prophet (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam) has prohibited. The Prophet (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam) said:

((None of you should hope for death because of some harm that has come to him. If he has wish such, he should say, 'O Allaah, give me life if You know that life is better for me. And give me death if You know that death is better for me)).

Therefore, it is not allowed for anyone to wish for death because of some harm, hardship or difficulty that has come to him. In fact, he should have patience and expect a reward from Allaah for what he is passing through. He should also wait for relief to come, as the Prophet (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam) has said:

((Know that victory comes with patience, relief with distress and ease with hardship)).

The one who is afflicted with any affliction should know that those afflictions expiate some of the sins that he has committed. No believer is afflicted with any kind of worry, grief or pain except that Allaah expiates sins for him due to that, even the pricking of a thorn. When the person has patience and expects rewards from Allaah, he reaches the stage of being among the patient. This stage is a very elevated stage. Allaah has stated about its inhabitants:

{And give glad tidings to the patient. Who, when afflicted with calamity, say, 'Truly, to Allaah we belong and, truly, to Him we shall return}, [Soorah al-Baqarah, Aayahs 155-156].

The woman in the question feels that there is no solution for her problems except death. I believe that this is a mistaken view. Death does not solve any problems. In fact, the situation of adversity may get even worse. How many humans die while being afflicted with pain and problems but they had been wronging themselves and did not give their sins and repent to Allaah. Then his death is just a quicker coming of his punishment. If he remained alive, perhaps Allaah would have guide him to repentance, seeking forgiveness, patience, facing the problem and expecting relief. This all would have been good for him. Therefore, you, the questioner, must be patient and expect relief from Allaah. Allaah says in His book:

{So, verily, with the hardship there is relief. Verily, with the hardship, there is relief}, [Soorah ash-Sharh, Aayahs 5-6].

And the Prophet (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam) stated, in an authentic narration:

((Know that victory comes with patience, relief with distress and ease with hardship)).

Shaykh Ibn 'Uthaymeen
Fataawa al-Mar.ah